The Fire Protection – EU Regulation 1302/2014(Sorry, only available in German) places requirements on the fire protection of railway vehicles in passenger traffic. Specified by the technical specification for the interoperability of the subsystem “rolling stock – locomotives and passenger wagons” of the railway system of the European Union (short: TSI LOC&PAS).
Further information on technical specifications for interoperability can be obtained from the European Union Agency for Railways (ERA).
When designing the rail vehicles, the safety of passengers and personnel is a major consideration. This also applies to the very rare case of a train fire. Apart from the flames and the heat generated, the greatest threat here is the smoke and toxic gases produced in the burning train. Reducing these hazards is an essential aspect of standard EN 455451.
The entry into force of the LOC&PAS TSI clearly stipulates that all products and components installed in rail vehicles must comply with the normative requirements of DIN EN 45545-2 by 01.01.2018 at the latest in order to comply with fire protection in rail vehicles. (Cf. EU 1302/2014, Section 18.104.22.168.1.)
EN 45545 is a pure material testing standard which, since April 2016, has been defining the fire protection requirements of all materials used in rail vehicles uniformly throughout Europe. Accordingly, all electrical components and their electrical insulation materials must also meet the requirements.
On pages 5 and 6 of the brochure: Railway EN 45545 – Guidelines for the application of electrical insulation materials you will find interesting details about the standard, (Sorry, only available in German) published by the ZVEI – Zentralverband Elektrotechnik und Elektroindustrie e.V. (Central Association of the German Electrical and Electronic Manufacturers).
The DIN EN 45545 series of standards regulates fire protection in rail vehicles within the European Union and applies in the following countries: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, the United Kingdom, the Republic of Macedonia and the Republic of Macedonia.
In addition, since the first version of DIN EN 45545 was published in 2013, acceptance of the series of standards has increased beyond the borders of the European Union, so that DIN EN 45545 is increasingly being used worldwide alongside NFPA 130. DIN EN 45545 is being developed by all participating member states of CEN.