The test methods used there apply to both railways and ships.
The flame spread test according to ISO 5658-2 is described for rail vehicles in prCEN/TS 45545-2 and for ships in IMO FTP Code Part 5.
The testing of smoke emissions and toxicity of materials and components is performed in the smoke chamber according to ISO 5659-2 and is described in prCEN/TS 45545-2 for rail vehicles and IMO FTP Code Part 2 for ships.
The decomposition gases are tested for the following toxic components:
CO, HF, HCl, HCN, NO2, and SO2. CO2 and HBr are also determined for railway applications.
In addition to various emergency exits, auxiliary materials such as fire extinguishers, fire detectors or rescue hammers, the built-in materials, as floor coverings, seats or sun protection, for example, are of course also of the utmost importance for preventive fire protection.